Thanks to the internet and the advancement of technology, many professionals can perform their social functions without having to cross the city and face hours of traffic to get to work.
As an alternative to the waste of time and money caused by commuting to large centers, the home office is gaining more and more self-employed people, employees, and employers who want to optimize the working day and improve productivity.
Like any major change in behavior, this trend calls for structural changes. In 2017, the labor reform included the teleworking modality in the CLT, which should contribute to the growth and popularization of this form of work.
Recent condominium projects already include office spaces and coworking for use by residents. But what if it is necessary to receive employees? Customers? Is it allowed by the condo? These and other issues related to working at home are already a reality in condominiums and should force a review of regulations prior to this movement.
The change in the law to regulate remote work also transfers the responsibility for good working environment conditions and ergonomics to the employee.
Be prepared to meet ergonomic regulations that ensure comfortable, injury-free work. See also, below, decorating tips to create a beautiful and functional office in your home, regardless of the available space.
Finally, an alternative!
It wasn’t so long ago that people were happy and satisfied driving their cars to and from work. However, the scenario has changed and this has become less and less viable, forcing the search for new alternatives.
According to data from the Urban Mobility Survey published by the G1, in 2018 people from São Paulo spent almost 3 hours a day commuting and, unfortunately, wasted time is just one of the damages caused by excessive traffic. The same survey reveals that at least 44% of Paulistanos have already suffered from some health problem related to pollution.
It is not just the employee who loses when commuting to work. In addition to compromising the health of employees, the company suffers from a drop in productivity and hours worked.
Therefore, more and more companies are opting for home office work, whether partial, a few days a week, or full. The benefits are many. Employees do not spend a good part of their day commuting and save on transportation. There is more willing to work.
This is what market intelligence specialist Ellen Bilaça says:
“I work with accounts from different niches and I spend most of my time studying these markets. For these introspective moments, there is nothing better than a suitable home office environment”.
In her 90m² apartment, Ellen adapted colors, ventilation, and noise to work with more focus and concentration: “Certainly amidst the adaptations in the workshop format, the home Office brought quality in productivity, assertiveness in solutions and a more balanced life”.
The contracting company, on the other hand, saves on physical leasing and energy costs.
Until recently, CLT did not include this type of contracting, which made some companies wary of adopting remote work.
However, in 2017, with the labor reform, that changed. A survey conducted by SAP Consultoria in 2016 indicated that at least 37% of the companies surveyed were already using remote work and that this number was growing 15% a year. With the change in the law, the tendency is for these numbers to grow exponentially.
Among other benefits, the home office can be a solution for parents of young children.
Home office requirements
In order to function, the home office has its requirements. Remote work requires discipline from the employee, adequate furniture and an enabling environment.
Some recent projects have already captured this behavior trend and offer residents a home office space in the condominium. This is the case of Rio by Yoo, a condominium located in the Flamengo neighborhood, in Rio de Janeiro, which offers coworking for residents only.
The Grand Panamby, on the south side of São Paulo, also offers a Home Office space with a meeting room. Options like this can be a solution for those who need to get away from the private environment or avoid the distractions that the house offers.
However, not all have this facility or a room just for office use. Regardless of the available space, to ensure productivity and preserve your health in the medium and long term, your workspace deserves special attention.
Proper lighting is essential to make the environment pleasant and avoid eye strain. According to NBR 5413, the adequate illuminance for the worktable is from 300 to 500 lux.
Give preference to natural light, but beware of reflection from the monitor. A table located next to the window can be 300 to 420 lux. In periods of greater incidence or heat, the entrance of the sun can be controlled with a blind.
Natural light is important, but a reflection on the monitor should be avoided.
The choice of colors can also interfere with the lighting of your work environment. Rooms with dark walls or curtains can lose up to ⅓ of their lighting. Bright walls reflect light, illuminate the room and give a feeling of spaciousness.
Some studies reveal that colors also affect your mood, concentration and consequently your productivity. Yellow, red and orange, the warm colors, are super stimulating. Used with thoughtfulness they can stimulate creativity, however, if used in excess they can generate irritation and lack of focus.
On the other hand, blue, green and purple, considered cool colors, induce feelings of calm and serenity.
Plants and woods bring comfort to the work environment.
Noise is one of the biggest distractions and can be a big challenge for those who have children at home. Noise is considered harmful from 65 dB (Ergonomics: design and production. 2005, p. 505). However, absolute silence may not be the best choice. To ward off monotony, classical music also encourages concentration and creativity. It worth a try.
Very cold environments create muscle tension and therefore can cause long-term pain, very hot environments also cause discomfort and decrease productivity. Ideally, the environment is cool and ventilated. According to NR 17 – Ergonomics Regulatory Standard – the ideal temperature for environments that require constant attention is 23º C.
Print your personality to your private office without abandoning the basic ergonomics rules.
You will likely spend most of the day sitting, which is one of the main factors to consider. In addition to pain and discomfort, inadequate furniture can cause serious damage to health in the medium and long term, such as injuries from poor posture or repetitive strain.
Ideally, the chair should have height control. You should be able to support your lower back and thighs while putting your feet flat on the floor. If this is not possible, the use of a footrest is recommended.
It is better that tables are made of non-glossy material and that their edges are rounded. When sitting, your forearms should rest on the table so that they are parallel to the floor, comfortably reaching the mouse and keyboard. The top of the monitor should be in line with your eyes.
Set times and breaks
Taking breaks can help keep you fit and focused. Stretching throughout the day stimulates circulation and oxygenates the brain. Just a few minutes every two hours is enough. Rest your eyes too. Blink a few times, keep them closed for a moment, and try to focus on something far away.
A survey by the Gallup Institute showed that employees who work in a home office can work up to 4 hours more than those who work at the office. Therefore, as well as periodic breaks and stretches, defining the working hours is very important to preserve the physique and quality of your service.